There has been a few articles floating around in the news recently about the links to schizophrenia and using them as predictors to future development of the disorder. This is a topic that everyone who works within mental health probably has a different opinion or experience. A lot of the research being complied and printed at the moment points towards a link between childhood trauma and the development of Schizophrenia. News Track India quantified this link in their news article that stated that children who have suffered extreme trauma are three (3) times as likely to develop schizophrenia as compared with “normal children.”
The co-author of said study was quoted on the Toronto Sun webpage stating:
“The causes of psychotic disorders, particularly schizophrenia, are a source of controversy amongst psychiatrists, psychologists and doctors. There is also disagreement about how the disorders are defined. It’s not unusual, for example, for a patient to be diagnosed with schizophrenia by one psychiatrist, but as bipolar by another,”
As evidence for this diagnostic confusion there are also multiple studies which link the “cause of schizophrenia” to genetics. An article on Psych Central published 2 days ago stated that:
Scientists have labeled 33 genes as being associated with autism and other related disorders and also found several of these genes to be altered in people with schizophrenia
“The theory that schizophrenia is a neurodevelopmental disorder has long been hypothesized, but we are just now beginning to uncover specific portions of the genetic underpinnings that may support that theory,” said study author Michael Talkowski of Massachusetts General Hospital.
This genetic discovery offers the possibility of a cure for any organic causes of Schizophrenia through processes such as gene therapy and in the future may even be able to be screened for in utero.
The article Lower IQ Linked to Risk for Future Schizophrenia posted on medscape.com offers a possible screening tool in the link they have discovered between low Intelligence Quota scores and Schizophrenia onset. Their research has shown that people with an IQ score below 70 are at 5 times great risk of developing schizophrenia.
This important thing to take from all the different research is that at present there is no single “cause” for schizophrenia and a holistic, recovery based treatment approach is the best practice we can offer our clients.
All three articles can be viewed here: